Heat Illness

Heat Illness

HIGH TEMPERATURE + HIGH HUMIDITY + PHYSICAL WORK = HEAT ILLNESS

Heat Exhaustion

When the body is unable to cool itself through sweating, serious heat illnesses may occur. The most severe heat-induced illnesses are heat exhaustion and heat stroke. If left untreated, heat exhaustion could progress to heat stroke and possible death.

The Signs

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Weakness
  • Mood changes such as irritability, confusion, or the inability to think straight
  • Upset stomach/vomiting
  • Decreased or dark-colored urine
  • Fainting or passing out
  • Pale, clammy skin

Treatment

  • Move the victim to a cool, shaded area to rest.
  • Don’t leave the person alone. If symptoms include dizziness or lightheadedness, lay the victim on his or her back and raise the legs 6 to 8 inches.
  • If symptoms include nausea or upset stomach, lay the victim on his or her side.
  • Loosen and remove any heavy clothing.
  • Have the person drink cool water (about a cup every 15 minutes) unless sick to the stomach.
  • Cool the person’s body by fanning and spraying with a cool mist of water or applying a wet cloth to the person’s skin.
  • Call 911 for emergency help if the person does not feel better in a few minutes.

 

Heat Stroke: It’s An EMERGENCY!

The Signs

  • Dry, pale skin with no sweating
  • Hot, red skin that looks sunburned
  • Mood changes such as irritability, confusion, or the inability to think straight
  • Seizures or fits
  • Seizures or fits
  • Seizures or fits
  • Seizures or fits
  • Seizures or fits
  • Seizures or fits
  • Unconciousness with no response

Treatment

  • Call 911 for emergency help immediately.
  • Move the victim to a cool, shaded area. Don’t leave the person alone.
  • Lay the victim on his or her back.
  • Move any nearby objects away from the person if symptoms include seizures or fits.
  • If symptoms include nausea or upset stomach, lay the victim on his or her side.
  • Loosen and remove any heavy clothing.
  • Have the person drink cool water (about a cup every 15 minutes) if alert enough to drink something, unless sick to the stomach.
  • Cool the person’s body by fanning and spraying with a cool mist of water or wiping the victim with a wet cloth or covering him or her with a wet sheet.
  • Place ice packs under the armpits and groin area.

 

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